Signs & Symptoms of a Concussion

Symptoms of mild TBI can be delayed for days or weeks after an injury, which is why concussions are so often undiagnosed or misdiagnosed. Plus, signs of a concussion can be subtle enough to be missed, not only by the injured and their family or friends, but also by doctors.

Those who have suffered a mild TBI – from athletes, soldiers, and injured workers to auto accident victims and elderly people who have fallen – can look and act normal, but their thoughts and feelings can be quite abnormal.

After sustaining a mild traumatic brain injury (TBI), there are many symptoms you may experience, some more severe than others. Because each concussion is unique to the individual who experiences it, concussion sufferers will have a unique set of symptoms. Your injury may cause memory, attention, and creativity issues, while others may result in personality changes and cognitive dysfunction.

Symptoms of a concussion should never be ignored – even if you have just one symptom on the list. No matter how mild your symptoms may seem, they can still put you at risk for long-term health issues, which is why you should consult a neurologist for a comprehensive neurological evaluation of your condition.

Concussion Symptoms

Physical

  • Headaches/pressure in the head
  • Nausea
  • Vision disturbances, including blurry vision
  • Ringing in ears
  • Seizures / epilepsy
  • Dizziness / vertigo / balance problems

Cognitive

  • Brain fog or feeling like your thinking is cloudy
  • Concentration or memory problems, including memory loss
  • Confusion / getting lost
  • Attention-deficit

Emotional

  • Mood swings and irritability
  • Feelings of depression

Sleep

  • Problems sleeping
  • Fatigue

Concussion Red Flags

If you’re seeing any of these symptoms, it’s best that you seek medical attention immediately.

  • Unusual changes in behavior
  • Worsening headaches
  • Seizures
  • Repeated vomiting
  • Slurred speech
  • Difficulty recognizing people or places
  • Increasing confusion or irritability
  • Progressive weakness or numbness in the arms and legs
  • Change in state of consciousness
  • One pupil larger than the other
  • Clear fluid leaking from the nose or ear
  • Loss of consciousness

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